The Four Components of Communication

The process of communicating involves two or more parties, sender and receiver, and interpretations of meaning on both ends. The sender conveys the message, and the receiver provides feedback, which may be verbal or nonverbal, such as nodding in agreement, looking away, sighing, or other gestures. The environment, context, and potential barriers to communication all affect the quality of communication. Using these guidelines, both parties can maximize the quality of communication.

Depending on the medium used, there are three main stages of communication. The sender chooses words and non-verbal techniques for the message. The next step involves encoding the message. The message, in turn, implies an idea that needs to be conveyed. Then, the recipient decodes the message and interprets it. This process may involve a process of translation to ensure that the message is understood, and it can also involve nonverbal techniques to increase the effectiveness of communication.

The components of communication systems may be easy to describe. The parts of a landline telephone communication system include the person on the other end of the line, the other person’s earpiece, and electrical wires. Other forms of communication are more complex. An example of this is a painting, which contains the emotions of the artist. This system can be more difficult to isolate, though. Regardless of medium, communication systems are integral to human life.

Most communicative contexts are bi-directional. That is, the source is the person or group sending the message; the receiver receives it. SMCR refers to both types of communication. Regardless of which type of communication takes place, there are four main components of human communication:

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